The duties, rights and powers of the Guardian ad Litem are governed by the Idaho Child Protective Act, specifically 16-1633  and 16-1634 . Idaho Juvenile Rule 35  also outlines the purpose, function and responsibilities of the volunteer. Guardians ad Litem are appointed to a case as outlined in Idaho Code section 16-1614 .
Among other duties, I.C. 16-1633  explains the Guardian ad Litem is required to conduct an independent factual investigation of the circumstances of the child to file with the court a written report stating the results of the investigation and such other information as the court may require.
Juvenile Rule 35  sets out the topics a volunteer must cover prior to being sworn in by the judge. Topics include court processes, dynamics of families, relevant state and federal laws, confidentiality and child development, among others. Rule 35  also outlines the background process every volunteer must complete in order to ensure the safety and protection of the child assigned to the Guardian ad Litem program.